Wild QuinineParthenium integrifolium
Other Names: Missouri snakeroot, Prairie-dock, American feverfew, Parthenium
Habitat: (Parthenium integrifolium) Perennial herb native of Eastern N. America found
growing in prairies, rock outcrops, waste places and roadsides from Maryland to Minnesota
and Georgia, as far west as Wisconsin and Arkansas. Cultivation: Wild Quinine requires a
position in full sun in a well-drained soil, in arid and semi-arid environments. It grows
to a height of about three feet and has alternate, long rough, hairy, serrated and
lancolate, leaves that are often over a foot in length at base. Leaves grow smaller and
more sessile, as they ascend up the rough, round, stem, which branches at the flowers top.
The flowers bloom from June to Aug. they are small, white and daisy-like, having 5 tiny
white rays or petals and growing in numerous clusters, appearing to be an unorganized
umbelliferae. Wild Quinine has large, swollen, dark brown roots it grows first vertically
and then may expand horizontally. Collect flowering tops and roots, dry for later herb
use. Plant is not edible.
Properties: Wild Quinine is a very valuable medicinal herb it is used as an
antiperiodic, emmenagogue, kidney, lithontripic, poultice. It has traditionally been used
in alternative medicine to treat debility, fatigue, respiratory infection,
gastrointestinal infection, and venereal disease. It is currently being used with great
success by hundreds of herbalists throughout the United States and Europe for diseases
such as lymphatic congestion, colds, ear infections, sore throats, fevers, infections, and
Epstein barr virus. The tops of the plant have a medicinal "quinine-like"
bitterness and are used to treat intermittent fevers. This earned the plant one of its
common names, "wild quinine." Parthenium has been studied in scientific
laboratories and clinics across Europe. Findings from these studies indicate that this
medicinal herb stimulates the immune system. This herb also contains the four
sesquiterpene esters which include: echinadiol, epoxyecinadiol, echinaxanthol, and
dihydroxynardol. These constituents increase the ability of the blood cells to digest
foreign particles and aid in the stages of healing wounds in living organisms. It appears
to be a liver-stimulating bitter that promotes blood detoxification; thus the common name
"snakeroot." Parthenium has also been shown to both mobilize and activate
natural killer cells and other immune cells. Wild Quinine herb has been commonly sold as
(or mixed with) Echinacea purpurea for more than 50 years. They are both in the sunflower
family and their roots bear an uncanny resemblance to each other. Many people have been
using these parthenium products, however, and receiving benefits.
HERE TO FIND MANY HERBAL PRODUCTS!
Folklore: European settlers of the Midwestern United States discovered this herb to be
used for coughs and sore throats by the Native Americans. The Catwbas tribe used its fresh
leaves as a poultice on burns as well.
TRY THIS RECIPE
Medicinal tea: To 1 tsp. dried root add 8oz. boiling water, steep 10 min. drink warm at